As discussed below, many people have explored what the musical sound of space might sound like in films such as 2001 A Space Odyssey with music by Johan Strauss actually becoming a motif. In the article ‘The imagined sounds of space’ by James Wierzbicki he starts by discussing Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg whose orchestral piece String Quartet No. 2 is considered the beginning of musical modernism:
Schoenberg experimented a lot with the arrangements of notes inventing the twelve-tone technique that meant the composer had to include the twelve notes in the chromatic scale in a ‘series’.
This made a composition far more mathematical and structural lending itself to the technological/ digital sounding space tones heard particularly in space films from the 1960/70s such as ‘Forbidden Planet’.